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Subject Guide: Disability History

Archival and library collection highlights found at the Center related to the history of disabled individuals and communities as well as the organizations that helped fund research and quality of life.

Two men talking to disabled girl, undated. From the United Jewish Appeal-Federation of New York Collection, I-433. AJHS

Online Research

U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Web Resources 

Holocaust Encyclopedia: Euthanasia Program

Summarizes the Nazi efforts to systematically kill the institutionalized mentally and physically handicapped. Describes the program’s history, the selection process, and the collaboration of medical personnel. Includes victim statistics, photographs, personal stories, a map, historical film footage, and a list of related links.

Holocaust Encyclopedia: Hadamar

Discusses the euthanasia activities carried out at the health facilities in the German town of Hadamar. Includes photographs, maps and film footage.

Holocaust Encyclopedia: The Hadamar Trial

Presents information related to the war crimes trials held for the staff of the Hadamar facility in the fall of 1945. Includes archival footage.

Deaf Victims of Nazi Persecution and the Holocaust

Highlights of the USHMM's collections concerning the experiences of deaf people in Nazi Europe.

The Murder of People with Disabilities

Briefly summarizes the Nazis’ treatment of the disabled during the 1930s and 1940s. Also provides related photographs and links to additional sources of information on the disabled during the Holocaust.


Disability Social History Project 

Includes a bibliography of resources on Judaism and Disability.

Disability Studies Quarterly

Disability History Museum

Jewish Disability Awareness & Inclusion Month

Israeli Sign Language Dictionary