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Subject Guide: Jewish Nobel Prize Laureates

Archival and library highlights found at the Center relating to Nobel Prize winners throughout history.

Albert Einstein with Otto Loewi in Princeton, New Jersey, 1950. AR 136/F 1689. LBI


For a list of all the Nobel Prizes in Chemistry:

Ada Yonath 

  • Yonath was the first Israeli woman to win the prize for her work in chemistry in 2009.
  • She has an article in Encyclopaedia Judaica, which researchers can find both in print and online at the Center.


Adolf von Baeyer 


Otto Wallach


Richard Willstatter

  • Willstatter was a German organic chemist whose study of the structure of plant pigments, chlorophyll included, won him the 1915 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Willstätter invented paper chromatography independently of Mikhail Tsvet.
  • Richard Willstätter Collection (AR 2612)


Fritz Haber

  • Haber was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas. This invention is of importance for the large-scale synthesis of fertilizers and explosives.
  • Fritz Haber to Richard Willstaetter: Correspondence (AR 861)


For a list of all the Nobel Prizes in Physics:

Albert Abraham Michelson


Albert Einstein


James Franck

  • Franck was a German physicist who won the 1925 Nobel Prize for Physics with Gustav Hertz "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom." Franck participated in the Manhattan Project during World War II as Director of the Chemistry Division of the Metallurgical Laboratory. He was also the chairman of the Committee on Political and Social Problems regarding the atomic bomb, which is best known for the compilation of the Franck Report, which recommended that the atomic bombs not be used on the Japanese cities without warning.
  • James Franck Collection 1930-1949
  • Photo of Albert Einstein with James Franck and unidentified man.
  • The Reis Rosenberg Family Collection 1864-2006 contains correspondence concerning the emigration efforts of Alfred Reis, which include letters signed by Sumner Welles, Fiorello LaGuardia, Paul Tillich, James Franck, and Albert Einstein.


For a list of all the Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine:

Rita Levi-Montalcini 


Rosalyn Sussman Yalow 


Paul Ehrlich

  • Ehrlich was a Nobel prize-winning German-Jewish physician and scientist who worked in the fields of hematology, immunology, and antimicrobial chemotherapy. He is credited with finding a cure for syphilis in 1909. He invented the precursor technique to Gram staining bacteria, which made it possible to distinguish between different types of blood cells and led to the capability to diagnose numerous blood diseases.
  • In 1908, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Elie Metchinikoff for their contributions to immunology. Ehrlich was the founder and first director of what is now known as the Paul Ehrlich Institute.
  • Paul Ehrlich Collection 1878-1996
  • AHC interview with Paul Ehrlich
  • Paul Ehrlich Clippings Collection 1963-1996


Selman Waksman